EFFECT OF CONCENTRATION ON EFFECT RATE
The aim of this research is to discover the effect of varying the concentration of iodide ions on the charge of response between hydrogen peroxide and an acidified solution of potassium iodide: H2O2(aq) & 2H+(aq) & 2IвЃ» в†’ 2H2O(l) & I2(aq) The course of this kind of reaction can be followed by carrying it out in the occurrence of little quantities of starch and sodium thiosulfate solutions. While the iodine molecules happen to be produced that they immediately behave with the thiosulfate ions and they are converted returning to iodide ions: I2(aq) + 2S2O32вЃ»(aq) в†’ 2IвЃ»(aq) & S4O62вЃ»(aq) During this time period the reaction mixture remains colourless. But after the thiosulfate ions have been utilized, a blue/black colour suddenly appears since the iodine substances now find the chance to react together with the starch. A number of experiments will probably be carried out through which only the concentration of the iodide ions will probably be varied. the concentration and volumes of some other chemicals involved will be retained constant plus the temperature at which the tests are performed. Since the amount of thiosulfate ions primarily present would be the same in each experiment, the appearance of the blue/black color will always signify the same degree of the reaction. So it t is the period taken pertaining to the blue/black colour to look then we can take 1/t as a measure of the reaction rate*. Apparatus and Chemicals
choice of syringes 100 cm3 a glass beakers white colored tile termes conseilles distilled normal water
1 mol dmвЃ»3 sulfuric acid 0. 1mol dmвЃ»3 potassium iodide 0. 1mol dmвЃ»3 hydrogen peroxide 0. 005 mol dmвЃ»3 sodium thiosulfate 1% starch
Hazards: Both the sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide solutions irritate the eyes. Care: Use eye protection. If virtually any chemical splashes on your epidermis, wash that off immediately. When using
the syringes continue to keep them directing downwards.
Method 1 . Employing syringes make up the following mixes in five dry 95 cm3 beakers.
Mixture Amount of sulfuric acid/cm3 Volume of salt thiosulfate/cm3 Amount of starch/cm3 Volume of potassium iodide/cm3 Volume of water/cm3
1 twelve 10 1 25 0
2 12 10 you 20 a few
3 15 10 one particular 15 15
4 12 10 1 10 12-15
5 10 10 1 5 20
2 . Put the beaker made up of the mix 1 around the white tile. 3. Assess 5 cm3 of hydrogen peroxide to a syringe. Add it to mixture you as quickly as possible and at the same time start the timer. some. Carefully swirl the reaction mix in the beaker from time to time. If the blue/black color just looks stop the timer and record enough time (in seconds). 5. Replicate steps 2 to some with each one of the remaining alternatives Note: Considering that the total amount of the reaction mixture was the same in every experiment we are able to assume that the quantity of the potassium iodide option is a way of measuring its concentration**. DATA COLLECTION Record the results in the best way. DATA PROCESSING AND PRESENTATION 1 . For each set of results, determine the value of 1/time. (This is a measure of the speed of reaction*). 2 . Plot a chart of charge against amount of potassium iodide. (Remember that volume is actually a measure of focus here**).
CONCLUSION AND ANALYSIS 1 . Provide a valid bottom line to this test out an explanation. installment payments on your Describe virtually any sources of error in your research. 3. Identify ways of improving your experiment to be able to reduce the errors you stated previously. Data Collection: Data Stand 1: Time Taken to get the Blend to Turn Blue/Black Once Potassium Iodide can be Added Amount of Potassium Iodide: (В± 0. 05В cm3) MixtureВ 1В В (25cm3) MixtureВ 2В В (20cm3) MixtureВ 3В В (15cm3) MixtureВ 4В В (10cm3) MixtureВ 5В В (5cm3) 18. 82 22. 78 35. 10 forty-five. 90 87. 94 seventeen. 59 22. 19 up to 29. 03 43. 09 eighty-five. 93 16. 63 twenty-three. 13 28. 97 43. 59 49. 97 seventeen. 68 twenty two. 70 30. 37 44. 19 74. 61 TrialВ 1В Time (В± zero. 01В sec) TrialВ 2В Time (В± 0. 01В sec) TrialВ 3В Time (В± 0. 01В sec) AverageВ Time (В± zero. 01В sec) RateВ of ReactionВ В (sв€’1)
0. 05656 0. 04405 0. 03405 0. 02263 0. 01340
Sample Calculations: Average Period: eg. Rate of eg.
TrialВ 1В +В TrialВ 2В +В TrialВ 3...