28.08.2019
 ESSAY - Examine sociological explanations to get the lower costs of registered crime in rural compared to urban areas

Homework Composition Question – Mrs Small 8th November 2013

ESSAY QUESTION: ‘Examine Sociological details for the low rates of recorded crime in countryside compared to downtown areas'…

A group of sociologists operating out of Chicago became known as Chi town School, and in addition they argued that the growth of metropolitan areas produced distinctive neighbourhoods, each with its very own characteristic way of living. Shaw and McKay used this point of view to their research of delinquency. Statistics using their study shows that 9. 8% of criminal offenses committed are often found in the Central Organization District (CBD). However , Uk sociologists criticize these studies as when they repeated a similar study in Britain, they will found that British offense patterns will be more scattered and doesn't comply with this pattern because of the authorities housing in each area of Britain. Our housing system is similar to the People in the usa, but we now have housing given by councils in each neighborhood. Therefore all the ‘problem families' are placed into these houses/estates, which causes right now there to be offense all over the country regardless of the areas ‘class'.

Shaw and McKay explain the disparity of criminal offense and deviance being based on the areas and specific zones in the cities concentric for the CBD. Consider that Sector 1 (or the Zone of Move – which is the area with the highest rate of delinquency) is characterised by it is high population turnover and cultural heterogeneity. When migrant workers moved to a city, the cheapest hotel could be found in the CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT and it is as well easier to you should find an unskilled work there. Usually, once the migrant has enough income, they move onto the next zone. This kind of continues in, until their retirement when they reach the outskirts/suburbs of the city. The high rates of human population turnover eliminated the formation of stable areas, and vulnerable the hold of established beliefs and relaxed social settings over individuals, such as pressure and oversight from the community, neighbours and family, which more steady and...